Typical applications and use
- Confined spaces
- High frequency measurements
- High pressure measurements
- Sound intensity measurements
- Near-field measurements
- Anechoic boxes
- Hearing-aid measurements
All G.R.A.S. microphone preamplifiers are based on a small ceramic thick-film substrate with a very high input impedance. The ceramic substrate is shielded by a guard ring to minimise the influence of stray capacitance and microphonic interference. The casing is made of stainless steel for maximum strength and durability. The small dimensions of this preamplifier ensures reliable operation under humid conditions owing to the heat generated by internal power dissipation.
G.R.A.S. 26AS can handle both single and dual-sided power supplies. The supply can vary between 28 VDC and 120 VDC single-sided or ±14 VDC and ±60 VDC dual-sided. When using the high supply voltage (120 VDCor ±60 VDC), the dynamic range exceeds140 dB.
The electrical circuit in G.R.A.S. 26AS is built on a ceramic substrate using selected low-noise components to gain very low self-noise. The electrical self-noise is so low that system noise is mainly determined by the microphone capsule’s thermal noise.
The low-frequency cut-off of the G.R.A.S. 26AS preamplifier is mainly determined by the input impedance of the preamplifier and the capacitance of the microphone capsule. The capacities 20 pF,6.4 pF and 3 pF equal the typical capacitances of 1/2″, 1/4″ and 1/8″ microphone cartridges respectively.
The high-frequency cut-off is determined by the preamplifier’s ability to drive capacitive loads (slewrate), caused by the cable. For large-signals, the effects of these parameters must be accounted for when measurements are performed. The large-signal response for Type 26AS for various capacitive loads corresponding to different cable lengths is shown in the data sheet. The output level is in decibels relative to 1 Volt. Typical capacitance for the cable is 100 pF/m(30pF/foot).